An EPC measures the energy efficiency of a property on a scale of A – G.
Energy Performance Certificates were introduced in 2007 and are a legal requirement for a building to be sold, let or constructed. Once obtained, an EPC is valid for 10 years.
The most efficient homes – which should have the lowest fuel bills – are in band A. The Certificate will tell you on a scale of A-G, the energy efficiency of your home along with the potential scale after improvements are made. Better-rated homes should have less impact through Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emissions, the EPC will show the amount of CO2 emissions produced by that property in tonnes, and will advise on the amount this could be reduced by.
The average property in the UK is in bands D-E for both ratings. The Certificate includes recommendations on ways to improve the home’s energy efficiency to save you money and help the environment.
Minimum Energy Efficiency Standards (MEES) Legislation
In April 2018 Minimum Energy Efficiency Standards introduced made it a legal requirement for all privately owned properties to have an EPC rating of at least an 'E' before they are sold or let. The legislation applies to both domestic and commercial properties, although there are some exemptions, for example if a property is a listed building.
Those who fail to make the necessary changes will be subject to the appropriate fines: up to £5,000 for domestic dwellings and up to £150,000 for non-domestic properties.